In the past few years, the stigma around marijuana plants has slowly faded, and people are becoming more educated about the benefits, uses, and natural curing powers the plant contains.
As a result, many people have turned to using Cannabidiol (CBD) oil as a natural remedy for alleviating pain, improving sleep, and even reducing acne.
Are there potential risks when using the new hot product, though?
Find out everything you need to know about CBD side effects here.
What is CBD Oil Made Of?
Before you take any kind of medication or apply any type of oil to your skin, it’s important to be aware of the components that make it up.
CBD is sold and taken in many different forms, including capsules, tinctures, and under the tongue sprays, and oils.
The best part about it is that there’s no need for a prescription — anyone can take CBD, whether you’ve received it a recommendation from a professional or bought it over the counter.
CBD, which stands for cannabidiol, is one of the two major chemical compounds found in the marijuana plant (also known as the hemp plant).
Its second compound is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is what society most commonly associates with marijuana.
Despite being related, CBD and THC have drastically different effects on the body, which are caused by how they interact with the receptors of the endocannabinoid system.
THC is a psychoactive constituent, meaning that when used and ingested, can have mind-altering effects on the user. These effects cause them to lose a sense of reality, which is why people get high when smoking marijuana.
CBD, on the other hand, is not a psychoactive constituent and doesn’t have the same mind-altering effects on the user as THC.
THC attaches itself to the CB1 and CB2 receptors of the endocannabinoid system, whereas CBD only interacts with them indirectly.
When THC binds onto these cells, it causes the neurotransmitters in a person’s body to enter “fight or flight” mode and a lost sense of reality occurs, getting users high.
CBD’s interaction with the cells doesn’t cause such a reaction from the neurotransmitters, which is why taking CBD doesn’t make a person high.
As a result, a person does not experience any mind altering or impairing side effects when using CBD.
What Does CBD Oil Feel Like?
As previously established, CBD doesn’t cause its users to get high or lose a sense of reality.
Knowing what your body is supposed to feel and what it’s not is a must when taking any kind of medication or natural remedy. Without this knowledge, it’s hard to distinguish between normality and dangerous side effects.
If CBD doesn’t cause any mind-altering side effects, then what does CBD oil feel like?
1. Pain Relief
CBD is known for its ability to alleviate and reduce pain, making pain relief one of the biggest reasons people use it.
Middle aged and senior people take CBD for reasons such as:
- Back and chest pains
- Aching joints
- Chronic pain
- And many more
The way CBD does this is by impacting the activity of endocannabinoid receptors, making it the ideal natural remedy for chronic pain and injuries.
CBD isn’t used only for chronic pain, however.
Many athletes are turning to CBD oil as a natural remedy for injuries, as it aids in the reduction of swelling and bruising along with the relief from pain.
2. Improve Sleep Issues
If you suffer from sleep problems, insomnia, or wake-sleep cycles, taking CBD before going to bed could help.
For many people, CBD works just as well as sleeping pills and melatonin supplements. Not only does it help users fall asleep faster, but to also stay asleep throughout the night.
As an all-natural remedy, CBD doesn’t leave people feeling drowsy in the morning or waking up to the terrible “shock” that can make them feel anxious or hung over.
3. Reduces Anxiety
When CBD interacts with the cells, it represses autonomic arousal, which is how the nervous system responds to symptoms of anxiety such as an increase of respiration and heart rate.
Therefore, it is normal to feel more at ease, peaceful, and calm than usual when taking CBD, whether you’re taking it for anxiety purposes or not.
If you are taking it for anxiety and are already on prescription medication, there could be side effects due to CBD being metabolized by the same enzymes as approximately 60% of all pharmaceutical medications.
If you start taking CBD while on other medications and begin to experience side effects, then speak with a professional. However, it is recommended to seek one’s advice before taking it.
How Safe is CBD Oil?
A common and necessary question asked by prospective CBD users is how safe CBD oil actually is.
After all, it does come from marijuana plants, which doesn’t have the best reputation for being safe.
Although its THC relative is known for being highly intoxicating, research has found CBD to be the safest substance when compared to alcohol and nicotine in terms of toxicity.
How can CBD be so low in toxicity when THC — a compound derived from the same plant — be so dangerous?
What makes CBD non-toxicating is the fact that it is not psychoactive and indirectly interacts with the cells rather than directly.
Due to the intoxication of THC, CBD is typically taken from plants and then isolated from the psychoactive compound.
Additionally, the plants CBD is usually extracted from are low strained in THC, which are also known as industrial hemps.
While THC has been reported to agitate mental illnesses, CBD works in the opposite way.
CBD is antipsychotic, allowing it to work in the same ways prescription medications such as antidepressants do.
Plus, there haven’t been any deaths reported or remotely associated with CBD usage.
CBD Side Effects to be Aware of
Just because a product is all natural doesn’t mean it’s safe.
Although CBD has shown so many health benefits and no serious problems, it does have a few potential side effects.
Taking CBD means introducing new compounds to your body that it’s not used to. Anytime you ingest a new substance, you run the risk of your body reacting in ways not expected.
While these side effects aren’t major or deadly, it’s important to be aware of them if you are beginning to take CBD or considering it.
1. Drug Metabolism in the Liver
If a user is on any pharmaceutical medications while taking CBD, it could slow the breakdown process of CBD and have an effect on the drug metabolism of the liver.
Medications and drugs are metabolized by enzymes.
One of the most common enzymes for this process is enzyme CYP3A4, which is responsible for the metabolization of approximately 60% of pharmaceutical drugs.
CBD is also metabolized by this enzyme, meaning the breakdown process of CBD might be slower and physiological activity could increase.
2. Dry Mouth
Due to the fact that CBD interacts with endocannabinoid system receptors, it’s possible you’ll end up with a dry mouth after using it.
The receptors CBD interacts with are located in the salivary glands.
When CBD is introduced to the cells there, it causes the inhibition of salivary secretion. As a result, people who use CBD sometimes experience dry mouths.
Smokers of THC and other cannabis compounds are familiar with the dry mouth, as it is also caused by the other marijuana plant extracts.
It’s an easy fix, as dry mouth can be cured through drinking a glass of water or other hydrating liquid.
3. Nausea, Fatigue, and Irritability
Taking CBD can increase blood levels in a person’s blood thinner coumadin. Consequently, it can cause symptoms such as nausea, fatigue, and irritability.
When the blood level is raised, CBD can also raise the levels of other medications that have been introduced to the bloodstream.
If you’re taking any pharmaceutical medications, it’s important to talk to your doctor before taking CBD, especially since there is no official recommended daily allowance (RDA).
Being Aware of CBD Side Effects & How to Fix Them
As with any other medication you take, being familiar with the potential side effects is crucial.
While CBD has been reported safe and without any known serious problems, every person is different — therefore, not everyone’s experience with CBD will be the same.
The good thing about CBD side effects, however, is that they are quick and easy fixes.
Whether you experience dry mouth or slow metabolic and breakdown issues, it can easily be solved through hydration or to stop taking CBD and seek a professional’s guidance.
Plus, if you’re not taking any pharmaceutical medications simultaneously, there’s not much to worry about other than getting a dry mouth.
Unlike prescription medications, CBD increases the body’s production of the nutrients it needs. The body already produces cannabinoids, but a lack of them can cause pain, anxiety, sleep problems, and more.
Instead of relying on chemically made products to fix the body’s aches and pains, use CBD supplements to increase the production of necessary nutrients in a natural way.